About

Stable angina pectoris is characterised by typical exertional chest pain that is relieved by rest or nitrates. Angina is caused by myocardial ischaemia. Chronic stable angina has a consistent duration and severity, and is provoked by a predictable level of exertion. It can also be provoked by emotional stress. The pain is relieved by rest or short-acting nitrates.

Patients should have an ECG and undergo assessment for cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes and hyperlipidaemia. An echocardiograph can help with the assessment of left ventricular function. Beta-blockers and calcium channel antagonists remain first-line options for treatment, while short-acting nitrates can be used for symptoms.

Related Articles

Articles

Article icon
Bridging the Gap in a Rare Cause of Angina

Sumanth Khadke, Jovana Vidovic, Vinod Patel,

Published:

Citation: European Cardiology Review 2021;16:e05.

Pharmacotherapy in Stable CAD: The ISCHEMIA Trial

Jonathan Yap, Derek P Chew, Gregg W Stone,

Published:

Citation: European Cardiology Review 2021;16:e04.

Statins in Non-obstructive Coronary Artery Disease

Olivia Manfrini, Peter Amaduzzi, Maria Bergami,

Published:

Citation: European Cardiology Review 2020;15:e15.

Pathophysiological Mechanisms of Coronary Artery Spasm

Astrid Hubert, Andreas Seitz, Valeria Martínez Pereyra,

Published:

Citation: European Cardiology Review 2020;15:e12.