Prevention & Chronic Conditions


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a significant and ever-growing problem in the UK, accounting for nearly one-third of all deaths and leading to significant morbidity. Globally CVD accounts for 31% of mortality, mainly from heart disease and cerebrovascular accident.

The burden of CVD can be ameliorated by careful risk modification and primary prevention is an important priority for all developers of health policy. Strong consensus exists between international guidelines regarding the necessity of smoking cessation, weight optimisation and exercise, although guidelines have slightly different approaches to hypertension and vary considerably regarding their approach to optimal lipid profile, which remains a contentious issue.

Related Articles


Atherosclerotic CVD Risk and Advanced Lipid Testing

Charles Amir German, Michael D Shapiro,


Citation: European Cardiology Review 2020;15:e56.

Nocturnal Blood Pressure and Sleep Quality in Hypertension Management

Francesco P Cappuccio,


Citation: European Cardiology Review 2020;15:e60.

The Impact of Ethnicity on Cardiac Adaptation

Uchenna Ozo, Sanjay Sharma,


Citation: European Cardiology Review 2020;15:e61.

Sex-sensitive Medicine and COVID-19

Angela Maas, Sabine Oertelt-Prigione,


Citation: European Cardiology Review 2020;15:e62.