Landscape of Combination Therapy - Which Way Forward? Proceedings of the Satellite Symposium Held at the ESH European Meeting on Hypertension and Cardiovascular Protection, 27 April 2012, London

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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.15420/ecr.2012.8.3.192

Abstract

Early combination therapy is more effective for hypertension control in high-risk patients than monotherapy, and current guidelines recommend the use of either an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) for first-line therapy in patients younger than 55 years. Recent evidence shows that ACEIs reduce mortality, whereas ARBs show no apparent benefit despite their blood pressure lowering action. However, it is important to consider which blood pressure parameters should be targeted given that different drugs have distinct effects on key parameters. Remarkably, a high percentage of hypertensive patients whose treatment has brought these parameters within target ranges still remain at high risk of cardiovascular disease due to additional risk factors. Combination therapy with synergistic effects on blood pressure and metabolic control should thus be considered for the long-term treatment of hypertensive patients with co-morbid conditions.

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